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2016河北英语高考试题

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篇一:2016年高考试题(英语)

绝密★启封前

2016普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(新课标I)

英 语 试卷类型A

注意事项:

1.答题前,先将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在试题卷和答题卡上,并将准考证号条形码粘贴在答题卡上的指定位置。用2B铅笔将答题卡上试卷类型A后的方框涂黑。

2.选择题的作答:每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑,写在试题卷、草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。

3.非选择题的作答:用签字笔直接答在答题卡上对应的答题区域内。写在试题卷、草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。

4.考试结束后,请将本试题卷和答题卡一并上交。

第Ⅰ卷

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分)

做题时,现将答案标在试卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

(本文来自:www.dXF5.com 东 星资 源 网:2016河北英语高考试题)

第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分)

听下面 5 段对话,每段对话后有一个小题。从题中所给的 A,B,C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

例: How much is the shirt?

A.£ 19.15 B.£ 9.18 C.£ 9.15

答案是 C。

1.What are the speakers talking about?

A. Having a birthday party.

B. Doing some exercise.

C. Getting Lydia a gift

2.What is the woman going to do?

A. Help the man.

B. Take a bus.

C. Get a camera

3.What does the woman suggest the man do?

A. Tell Kate to stop.

B. Call Kate, s friends.

C. Stay away from Kate.

4.Where does the conversation probably take place?

A. In a wine shop.

B. In a supermarket.

C. In a restaurant.

5.What does the woman mean?

A. Keep the window closed.

B. Go out for fresh air.

C. Turn on the fan.

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6.What is the man going to do this summer?

A. Teach a course.

B. Repair his house.

C. Work at a hotel.

7.How will the man use the money?

A. To hire a gardener.

B. To buy books.

C. To pay for a boat trip.

听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

8.What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

A. Schoolmates.

B. Colleagues.

C. Roommates.

9.What does Frank plan to do right after graduation?

A. Work as a programmer.

B. Travel around the world.

C. Start his own business.

第二节 (共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第8段材料,回答第10至12题

10.Why does the woman make the call?

A. To book a hotel room.

B.To ask about the room service

C.To make changes ti a reservation

11.When will the women arrive at the hotel?

A.On September 15

B. On September 16

C. On September 23

12.How much will the woman pay her room per night?

A. $179 B.$199 C. $219

听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

13.What is the woman‘s plan for Saturday?

A.Going shopping B.Going campingC.Going boating

14.Where will tne woman stay in Keswick?

A.In a country innB. In a five-star hotel C. In her aunt‘s home

15.What will Gordon do over the weekend?

A.Visit his friendsB.Watch DVDs C.Join the woman

16.What does the woman think of Gordon‘s coming weekend?

A.Relaxed B.BoringC.Busy.

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题

17.Who is Wang Ming?

A.A student B. An employer C .An engineer

18.What does the speaker say about the college job market this year?

A.It‘s unpredictable B. It‘s quite stable C.It‘s not optimistic

19.Whar percentage of student job seekers have found a job by now?

A.20% B. 22% C. 50%

20.Why are engineering graduates more likely to accept a job?

A.They need more work experience

B.The salary is usually good

C.Their choice is limited.

第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题:每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A

You probably know who Marie Curie was,but you may not have heard of Rachel Carson.Of the outstanding ladies listed below,who do you think was the most important woman of the past 100 years?

Jane Addams(1860-1935)

Anyone who has ever been helped by a social worker has Jane Addams to thank.Addans helped the poor and worked for peace. She encouraged a sense of community(社区)by creating shelters and promoting education and services for people in need In 1931,Addams became the first American woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize.

Rachel Carson(1907-1964)

If it weren‘t for Rachel Carson, the environmental movement might not exist today.Her popular 1962 book Silent Spring raised awareness of the dangers of pollution and the harmful effects of chemicals on humans and on the world‘s lakes and oceans.

Sandra Day O‘Connor(1930-present)

When Sandra Day O‘Connor finished third in her class at Stanford Law School, in 1952,she could not find work at a law firm because she was a woman. She became an Arizona state senator(参议员) and ,in 1981, the first woman to join the U.S. Supreme Court. O‘Connor gave the deciding vote in many important cases during her 24 years on the top court.

Rosa Parks(1913-2005)

On December 1,1955,in Montgomery,Alabama,Rasa Parks would not give up her seat on a bus to a passenger. Her simple act landed Parks in prison.But it also set lff the Montgmery bus boycott. It lasted for more than a year, and kicked off the civil-rights movement. �DThe only tired I was, was tired lr giving in,‖said Parks.

21.What is jane Addams noted for in history?

A. Her social work.

B. Her lack of proper training in law.

C. Her efforts to win a prize.

D. Her community background.

22. What is the reason for O‘Connor‘s being rejected by the law firm?

A. Her lack of proper training in law.

B. Her little work experience in court.

C. The discrimination against women.

D. The poor financial conditions.

23. Who made a great contribution to the civil-rights movement in the US?

A. Jane Addams.B. Rachel Carson. C. Sandra Day O‘Connor.

篇二:2016届河北省保定市高三上学期11月高考摸底考试英语试卷(有答案)

保定市2 0 1 5年11月高三摸底考试

英语试题

第I卷

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分3 0分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的 答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共5小题每小题1.5分满分,7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出 最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有1 0秒钟的时间来回答有 关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1.Where does the conversation probably take place?

A.At a restaurant.

B.At the bus station.

C.At a car rental agency.

2.What does Yang Yang plan to do next week?

A.Make a model plane.

B.Enter a competition.

C.Receive a prize.

3.W hat will the woman probably do?

A.Leave her bicycle outside.

B.Put her bicycle into the garage.

C.Work harder than ever.

4.What is the man most probably?

A.An actor B.A Writer.C.A book-seller,

5.How is Janet feeling now?

A.Disappointed.B.Confused.C.Stressed.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分2 2.5分r》

听下面5段对话或独自。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B.C三 个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅 读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的作答时间,每段对话读两遍。 听第6.段对话,回答第6、7题。

6.How long did Michael stay in China?

A.Two days.B.One week.C.Two weeks.

7.Where did Michael go last year?

A.India.B.Australia .C.Russia.

听第7段对话,回答第8-9题。

8.What is the woman going to do?

A.Rent out her room.B.Reserve a room.C.Repair her room.

9.Why are the prices for the two rooms different?

A.The rooms are different in size.

B.The rooms have different views.

C.The rooms are of different shapes.

听第8段材料,回答第1 0至12题。

10.Why was Bill unhappy about the game?

A.Some players played poorly.

B.The scores were too close.

C.It lasted too long.

11.Who cheered for the Tigers?

A.Steve.B.Bill.C.Eric.

12.What do you know about the woman?

A.She knows Bill well.

B.She owns a restaurant.

C.She dislikes football.

13.What would Joe probably do during the Thanksgiving ?

A.Go to a play.

B.Stay at home.

C.Visit Kingston.

14.What is Ariel going to do in Toronto?

A.Attend a party.

B.Meet her aunt.

C.See a car show.

15, Why is Ariel leaving hurriedly?

A.To call up Betty.

B.To buy some DVDs.

C To pick up Daniel.

16.What might be the relationship between the speakers?

A.Classmates.

B.Fellow workers.

C.Guide and tourist

听第10段材料,回答第 17至 20题.

17.What is the talk mainly about?

A.The history of the school.

B.The courses for the term,

C.The plan for the day.

18.Where can the visitors learn about the subjects for new students?

A.In the school hall.

B.In the science labs

C.In the classrooms.

l9.What can students do in the practical areas?

A.Take science courses.

B.Enjoy good meals.

C.Attend workshops.

20.When are the visitors expected to ask questions?

A.During the lunch hour.

B.After the welcome speech.

C.Before the tour of the labs.

第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共1 5小题:每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A.B.C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡

上将该项涂黑。

A

Knowing how much her own children loved presents at Christmas, Ann Sutton always tried to seek help for one or two poor families.With a social worker mother, the Sutton children.had inherited(继承)her commitment to service, and knew never to take their good fortune at Christmas for granted.This year, Kinzie, her seven-year-old daughter was thrilled that Santa Claus would make a special visit to a 22-year-old mother named Ashley who worked in a factory raising her 12-month-old son by herself.

The phone rang on Sunday.A representative from a local organization was calling to say that the aid Ann had requested for Ashley had fallen through.No Santa Claus, no presents, nothing.

Ann saw the cheer fade away from her children's faces at the news.Without a word, Kinzie ran into her bedroom.She returned, her face set with determination.

Opening up her piggy bank, she put all the coins onto the table: $3.30.Everything she had. “Mom," she told Ann, “I know it's not much.But maybe this will buy a present for the baby.”

At a breakfast meeting the next day, Ann told her coworkers about her daughter story.To her surprise, staff members began to open their purses.and empty their pockets to help Kinzie.

On Christmas Eve, Ann drove through the pouring rain to the small trailer where the Ashley’s lived.Then she began to unload the gifts from the car, handing them to Ashley one by one.

Ashley was very moved.Reflecting on a little girl's generosity, Ashley says she'll one day be able to do something similar for someone else in need."Kinzie could have used that money for herself, but she gave it away," Ashley says."She's the type of kid I'd like my son to grow up to be."

21.According to the text, Ann Sutton .

A.only cares about poor children

B.has possessed a good fortune

C.is warm-hearted and ready to help others

D.is a single mother with a 12-month-old boy'.

22.

A.was not sad but cheerfu1

B.put all her coins away immediately

C.told her mother to ask the coworkers for help

D.decided to buy a present for the baby with all her allowance

23.From the text we can learn that ____________.

A.Ann would act as Santa Claus to hand out the Christmas presents

B.the Sutton children always got lots of presents at Christmas

C.Kinzie's generosity influenced others and they clici something similar

D.Ashley was moved and promised to return the money

24.What does the text mainly talk about?

A.How a warm-hearted mother shows her love to a poor family.

B.How a mother and her young daughter helped a poor family.

C.Many people make contributions to those in need.'

D.What happened to a poor family on Christmas Eve.

B

Giving Back Fair Way

The Westborough High School golf team had taken the official photos with the state prize, The other teams, disappointed,were on the bus heading home.And then Westborough instructor Greg Rota noticed something wrong on one of the score cards.

A 9 had been recorded as a 7.They were not the state prize winner; Wobum High had won."None one have known, said Wobum's instructor, Bob Doran.For Rota, it wasn’t a difficult decision: "The prize wasn’t ours to take:?

Coin Stars

"College students are lazy.but they also wan’t to help," says University of Pennsyivania graduate.Dan Hork.So she made it easy, placing cups in rooms where students could leave their spare coins, and handing out cups to first-year students to keep in their rooms.Her "Change for Change" effort has collected$40,000 for charities, which were decided upon by students . Never Forgotten

A school in Massachusetts received a $ 9.5 million.check from Jacques LeBermuth.But it took officials several days of digging to discover his connection.to the school,Records showed the LeBermuth came from Belgium and studied in the school in the1920s.When his family fell on hard times, he was offered free room and board.LeBermuth became a trader, owned shares of AT&T and lived off the earnings until he died , at age 89

25.What did Greg Rota probably do in the end?

A.Returned the prize to the organizer,

B.Apologized to Wobum High School.

C.Took photos of the state prize.

D.Had a meeting with Doran

26.Greg Rota's decision shows that he was .

A.politeB.honest C.careful D.friendly

27.The underlined word "Change" in the second paragraph means__________.

A.IdeaB.Decision C.Cups D.Coins

28.Jacques LeBermuth gave the money to the school because__________.

A.the school asked for it

B.he had no need for that much money

C.the school had helped him in the past

D.he wanted to be remembered by the students

C

We all know what a brain is.A doctor will tell you that the brain is the organ of the body in the head.It controls our body's functions, movements, emotions and thoughts.But a brain can

mean so much more.

A brain can also simply be a smart person, If a person is called brainy, she is smart and intelligent.If a family has many children but one of them is super smart, you could say, "She's the brains in the family." And if you are the brains behind something you.are responsible for developing or organizing something.For example, Bill Gates is the brains behind Microsoft Brain trust is a group of experts who give advice.Word experts say the phrase"brain trust" became popular when Franklin D.Roosevelt first ran for president in 1932, Several professors gave him advice on social and political issues facing the U.S.

These professors were called his "brain trust."

These ways we use the word "brain" all make sense.But other ways we use the word are not so easy to understand.For example, to understand the next brain expression, you first need to know the word“drain." As a verb to drain means to, remove something by letting it flow away.So a brain drain may sound like a disease where the brain flows out the ears.But, brain drain is when a country's most educated people leave their countries to live in another.The brains are,sort of,draining out of the country.

However,if people are responsible for a great idea,you could say they brainstormed it.Here,brainstorm is not an act of weather.It is a process of thinking creatively about a complex topic.For example, business leaders may use brainstorming to create new products, and government leaders may brainstorm to solve problems.

If people are brainwashed, it does not mean their brains are nice and clean.To brainwash means to make someone accept new beliefs by using repeated pressure in a forceful or tricky way.Keep in mind that brainwash is never used in a positive way.

29.According to the text, if you're the CEO of Bai Du you can be called

A.the brains behind Bai Du

B.Bai Du's brain trust

C.the brain drain of Bai Du

D.the organ of Bai Du

30.Why did Roosevelt successfully win the election?

A.Because he was smart at giving advice.

B.Because word experts were popular.

C.Because he got his brain trust.

D.Because he was the brains behind America.

31.Which of the following expression is always used in a negative way?

A.Brain trustB.Brain drain C.Brainstorm D.Brainwash D

Mars( 火星) appears to be flowing with small streams of salty water, at least in the summer, scientists reported Monday."It suggests that.it would be possible for there to be life today on Mars," NASA's science mission chief, John Grunsfeld, said at a news conference on September 28, 2015.

The streams are about 12 to 15 feet wide and 300 feet or more long, scientists said."What we're dealing with is wet soil.thin layers of wet soil, not standing water," said Aifred McEwen of the University of Arizona at Tueson ! the principal scientist for the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter's high-resolution imaging experiment.

篇三:2016年河北省高考理科综合

绝密★启封并使用完毕前

试题类型:

2016年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试

理科综合能力测试

注意事项:

1.本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。 2.答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在本试题相应的位置。 3.全部答案在答题卡上完成,答在本试题上无效。 4. 考试结束后,将本试题和答题卡一并交回。

第Ⅰ卷(选择题共126分)

本卷共21小题,每小题6分,共126分。

可能用到的相对原子质量:

一、选择题:本大题共13小题,每小题6分。在每小题给出的四个选项中,只有一项是符合题目要求的。

1. 下列与细胞相关的叙述,正确的是

A. 核糖体、溶酶体都是具有膜结构的细胞器

B. 酵母菌的细胞核内含有DNA和RNA两类核酸

C. 蓝藻细胞的能量来源于其线粒体有氧呼吸过程

D. 在叶绿体中可进行CO2的固定但不能合成ATP

2. 离子泵是一张具有ATP水解酶活性的载体蛋白,能利用水解ATP释放的呢量跨膜运输离子。下列叙述正确的是

A. 离子通过离子泵的跨膜运输属于协助扩散

B. 离子通过离子泵的跨膜运输是顺着浓度阶梯进行的

C. 动物一氧化碳中毒会降低离子泵扩膜运输离子的速率

D. 加入蛋白质变性剂会提高离子泵扩膜运输离子的速率

3. 若除酶外所有试剂均已预保温,则在测定酶活力的试验中,下列操作顺序合理的是

A.加入酶→加入底物→加入缓冲液→保温并计时→一段时间后检测产物的量

B. 加入底物→加入酶→计时→加入缓冲液→保温→一段时间后检测产物的量

C. 加入缓冲液→加入底物→加入酶→保温并计时→一段时间后检测产物的量

D. 加入底物→计时→加入酶→加入缓冲液→保温并计时→一段时间后检测产物的量

4.下列与神经细胞有关的叙述,错误的是 ..

A. ATP能在神经元线粒体的内膜上产生

B. 神经递质在突触间隙中的移动消耗ATP

C. 突触后膜上受蛋白体的合成需要消耗ATP

D. 神经细胞兴奋后恢复为静息状态消耗ATP

5. 在漫长的历史时期内,我们的祖先通过自身的生产和生活实践,积累了对生态方面的感性认识和经验,并形成了一些生态学思想,如:自然与人和谐统一的思想。根据这一思想和生态学知识,下列说法错误的是 ..

A.生态系统的物质循环和能量流动有其自身的运行规律

B. 若人与自然和谐统一,生产者固定的能量便可反复利用

C. “退耕还林、还草”是提现自然与人和谐统一思想的实例

D. 人类应以保持生态系统相对稳定为原则,确定自己的消耗标准

6. 理论上,下列关于人类单基因遗传病的叙述,正确的是

A. 常染色体隐性遗传病在男性中的发病率等于该病致病基因的基因频率

B. 常染色体隐性遗传病在女性中的发病率等于该病致病基因的基因频率

C. X染色体隐性遗传病在女性中的发病率等于该病致病基因的基因频率

D. X染色体隐性遗传病在男性中的发病率等于该病致病基因的基因频率

7.化学与生活密切相关,下列有关说法错误的是

A.用灼烧的方法可以区分蚕丝和人造纤维

B.食用油反复加热会产生稠环芳香烃等有害物质

C.加热能杀死流感病毒是因为蛋白质受热变性

D.医用消毒酒精中乙醇的浓度为95%

8.设NA为阿伏加德罗常数值。下列有关叙述正确的是

A.14 g乙烯和丙烯混合气体中的氢原子数为2NA

B.1 molN2与4 molH2反应生成的NH3分子数为2NA

C.1 molFe溶于过量硝酸,电子转移数为2NA

D.标准状况下,2.24 LCCl4含有的共价键数为0.4NA

9.下列关于有机化合物的说法正确的是

A.2-甲基丁烷也称异丁烷

B.由乙烯生成乙醇属于加成反应

C.C4H9Cl有3中同分异构体

D.油脂和蛋白质都属于高分子化合物

10.下列实验操作能达到实验目的的是

A.用长颈漏斗分离出乙酸与乙醇反应的产物

B.用向上排空气法收集铜粉与稀硝酸反应产生的NO

C.配制氯化铁溶液时,将氯化铁溶解在较浓的盐酸中再加水稀释

D.将Cl2与HCl混合气体通过饱和食盐水可得到纯净的Cl2

11.三室式电渗析法处理含Na2SO4废水的原理如图所示,采用惰性电极,ab、cd均为离子交换膜,在直流电场的作用下,两膜中间的Na+和SO

4可通过离子交换膜,而两端隔室中离子被阻挡不能进入中间隔室。 2?

下列叙述正确的是

A.通电后中间隔室的SO4离子向正极迁移,正极区溶液pH增大

B.该法在处理含Na2SO4废水时可以得到NaOH和H2SO4产品

C.负极反应为2H2O�C4e=O2+4H+,负极区溶液pH降低 �C2?

D.当电路中通过1mol电子的电量时,会有0.5mol的O2生成

12.298K时,在20.0mL 0.10mol?L氨水中滴入0.10mol?L的盐酸,溶液的pH与所加盐酸的体积关系如图所示。已知0.10mol?L氨水的电离度为1.32%,下列有关叙述正确的是 ?1?1?1

A.该滴定过程应该选择酚酞作为指示剂

B.M点对应的盐酸体积为20.0mL

C.M点处的溶液中c(NH4)?

c(CL)?c(H)=c(OH)

D.N点处的溶液中pH<12

13.短周期元素W、X、Y、Z的原子序数依次增加。m、p、r是由这些元素组成的二元化合物,n是元素Z的单质,通常为黄绿色气体,q的水溶液具有漂白性,0.01 mol・L1r溶液的�C????

pH为2,s通常是难溶于水的混合物。上述物质的转化关系如图所示。下列说法正确的是

A.原子半径的大小W<X<Y

B.元素的非金属性Z>X>Y

C.Y的氧化物常温常压下为液态

D.X的最高价氧化物的水化物为强酸

二、选择题:本大题共8小题,每小题6分。在每小题给出的四个选项中,第

14~17题只有一

项是符合题目要求,第18~21题有多项符合题目要求。全部选对的得6分,选对

但不全的得3

分。有选错的得0分。

14.一平行板电容器两极板之间充满云母介质,接在恒压直流电源上,若将云母介质移出,则电容器

B.极板上的电荷量变小,极板间的电场强度变大

C.极板上的电荷量变大,极板间的电场强度不变

D.极板上的电荷量变小,极板间的电场强度不变

15.现代质谱仪可用来分析比质子重很多的离子,其示意图如图所示,其中加速电压恒定。质子在入口处从静止开始被加速电场加速,经匀强磁场偏转后从出口离开磁场。若某种一价正离子在入口处从静止开始被同一加速电场加速,为使它经匀强磁场偏转后仍从同一出口离开磁场,需将磁感应强度增加到原来的12倍。此离子和质子的质量比约为

A.11 B.12

C.121D.144

16.一含有理想变压器的电路如图所示,图中电阻R1,R2和R3的阻值分别为3Ω ,1Ω ,4Ω ,

为理想交流电流表,U为正弦交流电压源,输出电压的有效值恒定。当开关S断开时,电流表的示数为I;当S闭合时,电流表的示数为4I。该变压器原、副线圈匝数比为

A.2 B.3 C.4 D.5

17.利用三颗位置适当的地球同步卫星,可使地球赤道上任意两点之间保持无线电通讯,目前地球同步卫星的轨道半径为地球半径的6.6倍,假设地球的自转周期变小,若仍仅用三颗同步卫星来实现上述目的,则地球自转周期的最小值约为

A.1h B.4h C.8h D.16h

18.一质点做匀速直线运动,现对其施加一恒力,且原来作用在质点上的力不发生改变,则

A.质点速度的方向总是与该恒力的方向相同

B.质点速度的方向不可能总是与该恒力的方向垂直

C.质点加速度的方向总是与该恒力的方向相同

D.质点单位时间内速率的变化量总是不变

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